How to detect thyroid problems in time

Early diagnosis is vital in any disease. In the case of the thyroid gland abnormalities, they are very easy to identify the symptoms, at least during the early stages.

They can be associated with other diseases or disorders of the body, so it is necessary to be attentive to what is happening in our body. Without going to become paranoid, but giving it the importance it represents. Learn more about this in the next article.

Things to know about thyroid

Before offering the symptoms, it is good to learn a little about this disease called "thyroid". Basically produces alterations in the body, which at first are small but are maintained over time. Any thyroid dysfunction implies a change in our body, the organs suffer and this can lead to health consequences in general.

Thyroid problems are more common in women and symptoms manifest in the menstrual cycle irregularity or infertility. determinant is also heredity. If someone in the family has had this problem, chances are that we will suffer too.

Good to know that the thyroid regulates metabolism and is related to all body functions both are physical and intellectual. The main function of this gland is to produce two hormones (whose names are T3 and T4), which are the "fuel" for all cells to function properly.

There are two types of thyroid disorders. They are known as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The first is the most common and causes the organs to work more slowly, is characterized by weight gain. The second has more obvious symptoms and can cause a rapid decline in kilos without dieting or exercise. A related problem is both goiter, which occurs when the gland grows too large in size and increases the size of the neck.

What are the symptoms of thyroid disease?

Since this is a failure in one gland and unbalanced hormone production, there may be many different symptoms. Some of them are:

  • Frequent diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Hair loss
  • Dry skin
  • Intolerance to cold hands and feet
  • Depression and low self-esteem
  • Thick skin
  • Fatigue or chronic fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Poor concentration and memory
  • Weak hair
  • Imbalances in the menstrual cycle
  • Heavy periods
  • High cholesterol
  • Immune system problems
  • Sleep loss and insomnia
  • Increase or decrease in weight
  • Swollen neck (goiter) 
  • Ovulatory lower quality
  • Apathy
  • Social isolation
  • Appearance of benign nodules  
Goiter is the enlargement of the thyroid gland. Externally reflected by a tumor in the anterior inferior part of the neck just below the larynx.

How can detect this disease early?

It is first necessary to consider the symptoms listed above, if they are recurrent or more than one at a time. 's both very important to know the family history (if parents, uncles or grandparents had thyroid problems) . Then, the query is performed with the specialist doctor, which evaluates the patient feeling the neck (this is where many will detect with hyper-or hypothyroidism hypo). Meanwhile, a blood test to determine the values ​​of TSH and hormone thyroid.

Once all this is complete, you may receive an accurate diagnosis and, if necessary, take medication or have any medical practice (which may be surgery to remove the goiter or yogo intake to "burn" the gland problems).

In most cases, the patient should consume a medication for life , so you can recover your lifestyle and most importantly, reduce and control the symptoms. It is also important to learn to live with this disease if treated on time, it will not prevent continue their activities normally.

Experts say that with a simple pill daily is sufficient to regulate the work of the thyroid gland to produce hormones in amounts necessary. pathology As an easy detection and a simple treatment, the important thing is to recognize it in time to avoid more invasive surgeries or other practices. Ideally "arrive before" that the disease will spread and compromise the quality of life of patients.

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