13 of the world's most terrifying mummies

Probably all of you have watched horror movies about the revived mummy attacking people. These Evil Dead has always stirred the human imagination. But in reality, mummies do not carry anything terrible, representing an incredible archaeological value. In this issue you will find 13 real mummies that have survived to our time and are one of the most significant archaeological finds of modern times.

Mummy called specially treated chemical body of a living creature, which slows down the process of decay of tissues. Mummies are hundreds and even thousands of years, becoming a "window" in the ancient world. On the one hand, mummy look scary, some goosebumps run from one glance at these shriveled body, but on the other hand - they are incredible historical value, keeping a very interesting information about the life of the ancient world, customs, health and diet of our ancestors .

1. Screaming Mummy Museum of Guanajuato

world's most terrifying mummies

Museum mummies of Guanajuato in Mexico is one of the strangest and most terrible in the world, here collected 111 mummies that are naturally preserved mummified bodies of people, most of whom died during the second half of the XIX century and the first half of the XX century and were buried in the local cemetery " Pantheon St. Paula. " The museum's exhibits were exhumed during the period from 1865 to 1958, when there was a law requiring relatives to pay a tax for the bodies of their relatives were at the cemetery. If the tax was not paid on time, the family lost their right to the burial place and dead bodies were removed from the rock tombs. As it turned out, some of them were naturally mummified, and they were kept in a special building at the cemetery. Distorted facial expressions on some mummies indicate that they were buried alive.
In the late XIX - early XX century, these mummies began to attract tourists, and cemetery workers began to charge a fee for visiting the premises where they are stored. Officially, the date of formation of the Museum of Mummies in Guanajuato considered in 1969, when the mummies were displayed in glass shelves. Now the museum is visited annually by thousands of tourists.

2. Mummy boy from Greenland (place Kilakitsok)

world's most terrifying mummies

Near Greenland settlements Kilakitsok Located on the west coast of the largest island in the world in 1972 was discovered a whole family, mummified by the cold temperatures. Nine well-preserved bodies ancestors of the Eskimos who died in Greenland in a time when the Middle Ages in Europe reigned, aroused the interest of scientists, but one of them has become famous all over the world outside the scientific framework.
Owned year-old child (as anthropologists have established, suffers from Down's syndrome), it is more like some doll makes an indelible impression on the visitors of the National Museum of Greenland in Nuuk.

3. Biennial Rosalia Lombardo

world's most terrifying mummies

Capuchin Catacombs of Palermo in Italian - is an eerie place, a necropolis, attracting tourists from all over the world a variety of mummified bodies of varying degrees of preservation. But the character of this place - it's baby face Rosalia Lombardo year-old girl who died of pneumonia in 1920. Her father, unable to cope with grief, he turned to the well-known physician Alfredo Salafi keep asking her daughter's body.
Now it makes the hair on the head to move at all, without exception, visitors dungeons Palermo - a terrific way preserved, peaceful and so vivid that it seems as if only briefly dozed Rosalia, it makes an indelible impression.

4. Juanita from the Peruvian Andes

world's most terrifying mummies

Whether still a girl, whether already girl (called age of death from 11 to 15 years), named Juanita, gained worldwide fame in the rating of the best scientific discoveries by Time magazine because of its safety and terrible story that after finding mummies in ancient Settlement of the Incas in the Peruvian Andes in 1995 told the scientists. Brought to the gods in the XV century, it came to our days in almost perfect condition thanks to ice Andean peaks.
As part of the Museum of Andean Sanctuaries in Arequipa, mummy often goes on tour, exposing, for example, at the headquarters of the National Geographic Society in Washington, or in many areas of the rising sun, all different strange fondness for the mummified bodies.

5. Knight Christian Friedrich von Kalbutts, Germany

world's most terrifying mummies

This German knight lived in the period from 1651 to 1702. After his death his body turned into a mummy in a natural way and is now exposed for all to see.
According to legend, a knight was a great lover Kalbutts use the "right of the first night." In loving Christian had 11 children of their own and about three dozen bastards. In July 1690, he said his "right of the first night" about a young shepherd from the village bride Bakvitts, but she had him, and then killed her knight new husband. Detained, he swore before the judges, that's not my fault, otherwise "after the death of his body does not crumble to dust." Since Kalbutts was an aristocrat, his parole was enough to be acquitted and released. Knight died in 1702 at age 52 and was buried in the family tomb Kalbuttsev background. In 1783, the last representative of the dynasty died, and in 1794 the local church started a restoration, during which the tomb opened to rebury all dead family background Kalbutts on a regular cemetery. It was found that all but Christian Friedrich, decayed. The latter turned into a mummy, which has proven the fact that loving Knight was still a perjurer.

6. Mummy Egyptian Pharaoh - Ramses the Great

world's most terrifying mummies

Presented at the photo mummy of Pharaoh Ramses II (Ramses the Great), who died in 1213 BC. e. and is one of the most famous Egyptian pharaohs. It is believed that he was the ruler of Egypt during the campaign of Moses. One of the distinguishing features of this mummy is the presence of red hair, symbolizing the relationship with the god Seth - patron of imperial authority.
In 1974, Egyptologists have discovered that the mummy of Pharaoh Ramses II quickly deteriorates. It was decided to immediately take her plane to France for examination and restoration, for which the modern Egyptian mummies issued passport, and in the "occupation" wrote "King (deceased)." In Paris airport mummy greeted with full military honors, when relying visit of the head of state.

7. Mummy girls 18-19 years of Danish city Skrydstrup

world's most terrifying mummies

Mummy girls aged 18-19 years, buried in Denmark in 1300 BC. e. The deceased was a tall, slim girl with long blond hair, arranged in an intricate hairdo, something resembling "Babette" 1960s. According to her expensive clothes and jewelry can be assumed that it belonged to the family of the local elite. She was buried in a coffin made of oak, lined with grasses, so her body and clothing remarkably well preserved. Preservation would have been even better if a few years before the mummy was discovered, was not damaged layer of soil over the grave.

8. Iceman Ötzi

world's most terrifying mummies

Similaunsky person whose age at the time of opening was about 5,300 years, making it the oldest European mummy received from scientists nicknamed Ötzi. Found September 19, 1991 a pair of German tourists during a walk in the Tyrolean Alps, stumbled on a beautifully preserved by natural mummification ice remains resident Chalcolithic era, he created a furor in the scientific world - nowhere else in Europe did not find the perfect come down to the present day the bodies of our distant ancestors.
Now this tattooed mummy can be seen in the Archaeological Museum of Italian Bolzano. Like many other mummies, Ötzi curse supposedly enveloped by a halo: for several years under different circumstances, killing several people, one way or another connected with the study of the ice man.

9. Girl from Ida

world's most terrifying mummies

Girl of Ida (niderl. Meisje van Yde) - the name given to a well-preserved body of a teenage girl found in a peat bog near the village of Yde in the Netherlands. This mummy found May 12, 1897. The body was wrapped in a woolen cloak. Around the girl's neck was covered with woven of wool loop, indicating that it was executed for a crime or sacrificed. In the collarbone kept track of wounds. Skin have not been touched decomposition, which is typical for wetland bodies.
Results of radiocarbon analysis conducted in 1992 showed that she died at the age of about 16 years between 54 BC. e. year and 128 BC. e. Half shaved head corpse shortly before his death. The remaining hair is long, have a reddish tint. But it should be noted that all corpses hair caught in the swamp environment, acquire a reddish color as a result of the denaturalization of coloring pigment by acids located in the marshy soil.
Computed tomography has determined that during the life she had curvature of the spine. Further investigation led to the conclusion that the reason for this is likely, was the defeat of vertebral bone tuberculosis.

10. The man out of the quagmire Rendsvyuren

world's most terrifying mummies

Man of Rendsvyurena (Rendswühren), which also belongs to the so-called "bog people", was found not far from the German city of Kiel in 1871. At the time of the death of a man's age was between 40 and 50 years, and the study of the body showed that he died from a head blow.

11. Network I - Egyptian pharaoh in a tomb

world's most terrifying mummies

Superbly preserved mummy of Seti I and the remnants of the original wooden coffin were found in a cache of Deir el-Bahri in 1881. Seti I ruled Egypt during the period from 1290 to 1279. BC. e. Mummy of the pharaoh was buried in a specially prepared tomb.
Network is a minor character in a science fiction movie "The Mummy" and "The Mummy Returns", where he portrayed the pharaoh, who fell victim to a conspiracy of his High Priest Imhotep.

12. Mummy Princess Ukoka

world's most terrifying mummies

The mummy of the woman, nicknamed "Altai Princess" was found by archaeologists in 1993 Ukok Plateau and is one of the most significant discoveries of archeology late XX century. Researchers believe that the burial was done in V-III centuries BC, and refers to the period Pazyryk Altai.
During the excavation, archaeologists have discovered that the deck, which was placed in the body buried, filled with ice. That's why women are well preserved mummy. Burial was bricked in a layer of ice. It was of great interest to archaeologists, since in such circumstances could well remain very ancient things. The camera found six horses under saddle and with a harness, and the wooden deck of larch boarded bronze nails. Content burial clearly indicated nobility buried person.
The mummy was lying on his side with a slightly toned down. In her arms revealed numerous tattoos. Put on the mummy were silk shirt, wool skirt, felted socks, coat and wig. All these clothes were made very high quality and evidence of high status burial. She died at a young age (around 25 years old) and belonged to the elite of the Pazyryk society.

13. The Ice Maiden of the Inca tribe

world's most terrifying mummies

See also issue - Inca mummies of sacrificed children and women
This famous mummy girls aged 14-15 years, which the Incas sacrificed more than 500 years ago. It was discovered in 1999 on the slopes of the volcano Nevado Sabankaya. Adjacent to this mummy were discovered several children's bodies also have been subjected to mummification. The researchers suggest that these children were selected among others because of its beauty, and followed by many hundreds of kilometers across the country have been specially trained and sacrificed to the gods at the top of the volcano.

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